The archaeological site of Sounio acquired its religious significance from the 7th century B.C and had one temple dedicated to Athena and another to Poseidon, God of the Sea. The first stone temple to Athena was constructed in the 5th century B.C in the Ionic style and had an unusual asymmetrical form. The first stone temple to Poseidon was also constructed in the early 5th century BCE but was destroyed before completion by the Persians around 480 BCE and was replaced by a new marble temple. Archaeological finds from the site of Sounio include two archaic colossal marble men statues which date from around 600 B.C, fourteen sculpted panels from the temple of Poseidon, a fine relief tablet of a victorious athlete and a 7th century B.C lead man “kouros” statue from the Temple of Athena.
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